International Association of CyberPsychology, Training, and Rehabilitation
Introducing the Wunderkammer as a VR-emotionally evocative tool for emotion research
(Applying Eye Tracking, Unconstrained Gaze and Movement Pattern)
The “Wunderkammer” is a immersive virtual world suite with different types of emotionally-charged content. Three Realms were applied to examine the effects of affective context on unconstrained gaze and movement. In the Affect Gallery, participants freely explored a virtual art museum filled with objects that varied in valence and arousal.
Participants approached and gazed more at positively valenced objects. This preference was amplified by more arousing objects and was strongest among individuals with resilient emotion regulation tendencies.
This bias of avoiding negative valence did not emerge in The Crowded Room (an environment in which participants encountered virtual humans expressing different emotions).
Instead, participants gazed more at negative than neutral emotional displays although they physically avoided angry (but not sad or neutral) agents.
When placed inside Room 101, an unpredictable environment filled with a series of disturbing events, frightened participants became relatively immobile in terms of both gaze and movement.
This freezing-type response was particularly strong among dispositionally resilient individuals. Together these results demonstrate distinct affective contexts elicit unique patterns in unconstrained gaze and movement.